Voya Intermediate Bond Fund Quarterly Commentary - 2Q23

Voya Intermediate Bond Fund Quarterly Commentary - 2Q23

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Total return approach, investing across full spectrum of the fixed income market including up to 20% in below investment-grade securities.

Key Takeaways

  • Monetary policy continued to produce market volatility in the second quarter of 2023.
  • The Strategy outperformed its benchmark, the Bloomberg U.S. Aggregate Bond Index (the Index) on a net asset value basis. Security selection and sector allocation added to performance, while duration and yield curve decisions detracted.
  • We expect growth to continue to slow, and the threat of recession to remain elevated and our strategy remains broadly defensive, with a preference for high quality spread opportunities.

Portfolio Review

For the quarter ended June 30, 2023, the Strategy outperformed the Index. Sector allocation and security selection contributed, while duration and yield curve decisions detracted.

Monetary policy continued to produce market volatility in the second quarter of 2023. Despite the failure of a fourth U.S. Regional Bank just two days prior, the U.S. Federal Reserve delivered another 25 basis points (bp) hike at their meeting in May. That said, with inflation trending in the right direction, and lending from banks expected to tighten, it was widely believed that this hike might be the last. Inflation data over the next couple of months was relatively well behaved. While the numbers remained elevated, they avoided moving higher. Meanwhile, the labor market remained strong. Monthly job gains surpassed already elevated expectations, with each monthly gain exceeding the previous one. While the Fed did not deliver a hike at their meeting in June, these upside surprises in the labor market all but eliminated hope of a “pause”, with market participants instead viewing the Fed’s inaction as a “skip”.

In corporate credit markets, spreads moved to the tightest levels of the year after setting recent wides post bank failures in March. While First Republic became another casualty, remaining regional banks found sufficient support in the Fed’s bank term lending facility and deposit outflows were not as bad as feared. On the earnings side, 1Q23 figures came in much better than expected (albeit negative) which was also supportive of credit spreads.

The fallout from the bank failures also had implications for other sectors of the bond market, particularly agency mortgage-backed securities (MBS) given the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) needed to liquidate roughly $90 billion. To the surprise of many, MBS overcame this challenge and posted decent excess returns for the quarter as money manager demand for high quality assets was high.

Across other securitized markets, performance was also positive. While the challenges in commercial real estate (CRE) are ongoing, commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS) took a break from recent spread widening and managed to post modest excess returns. Collateralized loan obligations (CLOs) were supported by the performance of their bank loan collateral and asset-backed securities (ABS) continued to be supported by mostly strong consumer balance sheets. The economy and financial markets in 2Q23 could best be described as “resilient”. And this may be best illustrated by activity in the housing market. As mortgage rates moved from multi-decade lows to multi-decade highs in relatively short order, many expected a quick and substantial drop in home prices. Not only has that yet to occur, but home prices have been moving slightly higher over the last couple of months, supporting the non-agency residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS) and credit risk transfer (CRT) segments.

Sector allocation and security selection added to performance, while duration and yield curve positioning detracted. A positive risk sentiment tone meant that our underweight to U.S. Treasuries and allocations across a range of sectors contributed. Allocations to non-agency RMBS and CRTs added nicely, buoyed by the durability of the U.S. housing market and U.S. Consumer. Security selection contributions were broad, with the largest contributions sourced from investment grade corporates, ABS and agency RMBS. IG corporate selection contributions reflected a rotation out of utilities into financials and specifically banking issuers that had widened during the regional bank turmoil. Gains in ABS security selection which included high quality (CLOs) added to relative returns as the sector’s yield advantage and collateral performance in the broader loan market positively contributed. Agency RMBS selection was supported by collateralized mortgage obligations (CMOs) and other non-standard pool investments. Notable changes in portfolio positioning including a reduction in our allocations to CLOs later in the quarter, as recent performance has reduced the relative attractiveness of the sector. We deployed a modest amount of risk to IG corporates as concerns over regional banks continued to fade. We continued to make tactical shifts in agency RMBS, adding to our exposures in 30-year mortgages in April and then removing that exposure as the market outperformed. In aggregate, duration and yield curve detracted while positive security selection within U.S. Treasuries which reflects our overall strategy helped to mute this impact.

Current Strategy and Outlook

We expect growth to continue to slow, and the threat of recession to remain elevated. With corporate earnings in decline, leverage ratios are beginning to move higher. And while most corporate borrowers termed out their debt at very low fixed rates, this is not the case for senior bank loan issuers, where leverage is higher. Meanwhile, Commercial Real Estate (CRE) financing markets remain challenging, which could become problematic as many loans are approaching their maturity date. And finally, while consumer spending is supported by the strength in the labor market, this strength is also keeping inflation elevated, in turn motivating the Fed to keep rates higher for longer.

Portfolio strategy remains broadly defensive, with a preference for high quality spread opportunities. Having increased our dry powder and improved liquidity over the last few quarters, we continue to look for the right opportunities to redeploy capital but would need to see markets more appropriately discount the risks mentioned above. From a duration perspective, while we do recognize the additional yield pick-up in going shorter, we believe the diversification benefit between bonds and stocks has finally returned and have chosen to remain close to neutral.


The Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index is a widely recognized, unmanaged index of publicly issued investment grade U.S. Government, mortgage-backed, asset-backed and corporate debt securities. The Index does not reflect fees, brokerage commissions, taxes or other expenses of investing. Investors cannot invest directly in an index.

Principal Risks: All investing involves risks of fluctuating prices and the uncertainties of rates of return and yield. High-Yield Securities, or “junk bonds,” are rated lower than investment-grade bonds because there is a greater possibility that the issuer may be unable to make interest and principal payments on those securities. To the extent that the Fund invests in Mortgage-Related Securities, its exposure to prepayment and extension risks may be greater than investments in other fixed-income securities. The Fund may use Derivatives, such as options and futures, which can be illiquid, may disproportionately increase losses and have a potentially large impact on Fund performance. Foreign Investing poses special risks including currency fluctuation, economic and political risks not found in investments that are solely domestic. As Interest Rates rise, bond prices fall, reducing the value of the Fund’s share price. Other risks of the Fund include but are not limited to: Credit Risks, Extension Risks, Investment Models Risks, Municipal Securities Risks, Other Investment Companies’ Risks, Prepayment Risks, Price Volatility Risks, U.S. Government Securities and Obligations Risks, Debt Risks, Liquidity Risks, Portfolio Turnover Risks, and Securities Lending Risks. An investment in the Fund is not a bank deposit and is not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Reserve Board or any other government agency.

The strategy employs a quantitative model to execute the strategy. Data imprecision, software or other technology malfunctions, programming inaccuracies and similar circumstances may impair the performance of these systems, which may negatively affect performance. Furthermore, there can be no assurance that the quantitative models used in managing the strategy will perform as anticipated or enable the strategy to achieve its objective.

The strategy is available as a mutual fund or variable portfolio. The mutual fund may be available to you as part of your employer sponsored retirement plan. There may be additional plan level fees resulting in personal performance that varies from stated performance. Please call your benefits office for more information.

Variable annuities and group annuities are long-term investments designed for retirement purposes. If withdrawals are taken prior to age 59½, an IRS 10% premature distribution penalty tax may apply. Money taken from the annuity will be taxed as ordinary income in the year the money is distributed. An annuity does not provide any additional tax deferral benefit, as tax deferral is provided by the plan. Annuities may be subject to additional fees and expenses to which other tax-qualified funding vehicles may not be subject. However, an annuity does provide other features and benefits, such as lifetime income payments and death benefits, which may be valuable to you.

Variable investments, of any kind, are not guaranteed and are subject to investment risk including the possible loss of principal. The investment return and principal value of the security will fluctuate so that when redeemed, it may be worth more or less than the original investment. In addition, there is no guarantee that any variable investment option will meet its stated objective. All guarantees are based on the financial strength and claims paying ability of the issuing insurance company, who is solely responsible for all obligations under its policies.

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This commentary has been prepared by Voya Investment Management for informational purposes. Nothing contained herein should be construed as (i) an offer to sell or solicitation of an offer to buy any security or (ii) a recommendation as to the advisability of investing in, purchasing or selling any security. Any opinions expressed herein reflect our judgment and are subject to change. Certain of the statements contained herein are statements of future expectations and other forward-looking statements that are based on management’s current views and assumptions and involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results, performance or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied in such statements. Actual results, performance or events may differ materially from those in such statements due to, without limitation, (1) general economic conditions, (2) performance of financial markets, (3) interest rate levels, (4) increasing levels of loan defaults (5) changes in laws and regulations and (6) changes in the policies of governments and/or regulatory authorities. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

The opinions, views and information expressed in this commentary regarding holdings are subject to change without notice. The information provided regarding holdings is not a recommendation to buy or sell any security. Portfolio holdings are fluid and are subject to daily change based on market conditions and other factors.